Aotearoa Legalise Cannabis Party
The Aotearoa Legalise Cannabis Party (sometimes known as the ALCP) is a political party in New Zealand. It is dedicated to removing or reducing restrictions on the use of cannabis and similar substances. Under New Zealand's Misuse of Drugs Act 1975, cannabis is currently classed (depending on product / substance) as either a Class B drug ("Very high risk of harm") or a Class C drug ("moderate risk of harm").
The ALCP was founded in 1996. It has never won representation in Parliament. It won 1.66% of the vote in the 1996 election but its support was declining until the party made a resurgence in 2008, almost doubling its vote. In the 1999 election it won 1.10% of the vote, in the 2002 election 0.64%, in the 2005 election 0.23%, and in the 2008 election 0.41%. One Green MP Metiria Turei and former Green MP Nandor Tanczos were ALCP candidates in 1996. The party's leader was Michael Appleby between 1996 and 2013 but he was replaced by Julian Crawford at the 2013 AGM. The party contested the by-election in Te Tai Hauauru in mid-2004 — with their candidate, Dun Mihaka finishing second behind Maori Party Leader Tariana Turia, receiving 197 votes (2.52%).
The ALCP mounted an aggressive campaign for the 2008 general election, with several high profile candidates including Steven Wilkinson (West Coast/Tasman) and Julian Crawford (Dunedin North). Crawford invited Dunedin South MP David Benson-Pope to join the ALCP, but he declined, saying "Their judgement has obviously been impaired by their recreational habits".
In the 2008 New Zealand general election they secured themselves 9515 votes, 0.41% of total party votes cast. This was more than Taito Philip Field's New Zealand Pacific Party, The Family Party, Libertarianz or the Alliance, but less than the Bill and Ben Party.
In the 2011 New Zealand general election, there was a minor resurgence in the ALCP voter share, which rose to 0.52% (11, 738 votes in all). This placed them behind the New Zealand National Party, New Zealand Labour Party, Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand, New Zealand First, Maori Party, Mana Party and ACT New Zealand, all of which won electorate representation whether due to party lists and/or electorate seats. In addition, they polled behind the religious social conservative-backed Conservative Party of New Zealand, which polled 2.65% of total voter share, but won no electorate seats, unlike ACT New Zealand, United Future New Zealand and the Maori Party and Mana Party, all of which won a single constituency seat apiece.
However, United Future New Zealand only won 0.60% total voter share (13,433 votes in all), which was only slightly above ALCP's own voter share.
In the 2014 New Zealand general election, the ALCP's voter share was a disappointing 8,539 votes prior to specials being counted, or 0.41% of votes cast.
2009 Mount Albert by-election
Dakta Green stood for the ALCP in the Mount Albert by-election on 13 June 2009. He came sixth in the seat, outpolled by Labour, National, the Greens and ACT, as well as the Bill and Ben Party co-leader, Ben Boyce (151 votes). Green polled 92 votes, which meant that he just outpolled The Kiwi Party's Simmone Dyer (91 votes). Green also outpolled United Future New Zealand's Judy Turner (89 votes) and Libertarianz's Julian Pistorius (35 votes).
2010 Mana by-election
In the Mana by-election, Julian Crawford stood for the ALCP. He came sixth in the seat, outpolled by Labour, National, the Greens, Independent candidate and trade unionist Matt McCarten and ACT. However, Crawford only trailed ACT candidate Colin Du Plessis by twenty four votes (136-112) when the official results were announced. The ALCP outpolled Libertarianz and the Alliance candidates, however, who came seventh and eighth, respectively.
2011 Te Tai Tokerau by-election
In the Te Tai Tokerau by-election, 2011, Maki Herbert stood for the ALCP. She came fourth in the seat, outpolled by Mana Party leader Hone Harawira, Labour List MP Kelvin Davis and Maori Party candidate Tipene Solomon. Herbert outpolled Kelvyn Alp, formerly of the Direct Democracy Party.
2013 Ikaroa-Rāwhiti by-election
Party leader Michael Appleby contested the Ikaroa-Rāwhiti by-election, 2013 for the party. Provisional results awarded Appleby 161 votes, more than two Independent candidates who attracted 13 and 27 votes, but still some distance between the New Zealand Labour Party, Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand, Maori Party and Mana Party, which dominated the by-election voter share
2013 Christchurch East by-election
In November 2013, former New Zealand Labour Party MP for Christchurch East Lianne Dalziel vacated her former constituency seat after becoming Mayor of Christchurch. As a consequence, there was a by-election, won by Poto Williams, the Labour candidate. The New Zealand National Party came second, the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand came third, the Conservative Party of New Zealand took fourth place, an Independent candidate took fifth position, while the ALCP polled 59 voters, beating ACT New Zealand to sixth place, narrowly in front of the latter, with 58 votes.